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ذُرِّيَّةً بَعْضُهَا مِن بَعْضٍ وَاللّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

Thurriyyatan baAAduha min baAAdin waAllahu sameeAAun AAaleemun

Yoruba Translation

Hausa Translation

Zuriyya ce sãshensu(1) daga sãshe, kuma Allah Mai ji ne, Masani.

English Translation

Offspring, one of the other: And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.
Offspring one of the other; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
They were descendants one of another. Allah is Hearer, Knower.

Asbabu n-Nuzuul (Occasions of Revelation)

Tafseer (English)

The Chosen Ones Among the People of the Earth

Allah says;

إِنَّ اللّهَ اصْطَفَى آدَمَ وَنُوحًا وَآلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿٣٣﴾

ذُرِّيَّةً بَعْضُهَا مِن بَعْضٍ وَاللّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴿٣٤﴾

Allah chose Adam, Nuh (Noah), the family of Ibrahim and the family of Imran above the nations. Offspring, one of the other, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.

Allah states that He has chosen these households over the people of the earth.

For instance, Allah chose Adam, created him with His Hand and blew life into him. Allah commanded the angels to prostrate before Adam, taught him the names of everything and allowed him to dwell in Paradise, but then sent him down from it out of His wisdom.

Allah chose Nuh and made him the first Messenger to the people of the earth, when the people worshipped idols and associated others with Allah in worship. Allah avenged the way Nuh was treated, for he kept calling his people day and night, in public and in secret, for a very long time. However, his calling them only made them shun him more, and this is when Nuh supplicated against them. So Allah caused them to drown, and none among them was saved, except those who followed the religion that Allah sent to Nuh.

Allah also chose the household of Ibrahim, including the master of all mankind, and the Final Prophet, Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Allah also chose the household of Imran, the father of Maryam bint Imran, the mother of `Isa, peace be upon them. So `Isa is from the offspring of Ibrahim, as we will mention in the Tafsir of Surah Al-An`am, Allah willing, and our trust is in Him.

Tafseer (Arabic)

قال محمد بن إسحاق بن يسار رحمه الله : هو عمران بن ياشم بن ميشا بن حزقيا بن إبراهيم بن غرايا ابن ناوش بن أجر بن بهوا بن نازم بن مقاسط بن إيشا بن إياذ بن رخيعم بن سليمان بن داود عليهما السلام فعيسى عليه السلام من ذرية إبراهيم كما سيأتي بيانه في سورة الأنعام إن شاء الله تعالى وبه الثقة .

"ذرية بعضها من" ولد "بعض" منهم

تقدم في البقرة معنى الذرية واشتقاقها . وهي نصب على الحال ; قال الأخفش . أي في حال كون بعضهم من بعض , أي ذرية بعضها من ولد بعض . الكوفيون : على القطع . الزجاج : بدل , أي اصطفى ذرية بعضها من بعض , ومعنى بعضها من بعض , يعني في التناصر في الدين ; كما قال : " المنافقون والمنافقات بعضهم من بعض " [ التوبة : 67 ] يعني في الضلالة ; قاله الحسن وقتادة . وقيل : في الاجتباء والاصطفاء والنبوة . وقيل : المراد به التناسل , وهذا أضعفها .

I'raab - grammatical analysis of the Qur'an

«ذُرِّيَّةً» بدل من نوح .. منصوب بالفتحة أو حال.
«بَعْضُها» مبتدأ.
«مِنْ بَعْضٍ» متعلقان بمحذوف خبر ، والجملة في محل جر صفة لذرية.
«وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ» لفظ الجلالة مبتدأ وخبراه والجملة مستأنفة.