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مَّنَّاعٍ لِّلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُّرِيبٍ

MannaAAin lilkhayri muAAtadin mureebin

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Yoruba Translation

Hausa Translation

&quotMai yawan hanãwa ga alhħri, mai zãlunci, mai shakka.&quot

English Translation

"Who forbade what was good, transgressed all bounds, cast doubts and suspicions;
Forbidder of good, exceeder of limits, doubter,
Hinderer of good, transgressor, doubter,

Asbabu n-Nuzuul (Occasions of Revelation)

Tafseer (English)

مَّنَّاعٍ لِّلْخَيْرِ ...

Hinderer of good,

meaning for he did not fulfill the duties he was ordered, nor was he dutiful, keeping ties to kith and kin nor giving charity,

... مُعْتَدٍ ...

transgressor,

meaning, he transgresses the limits in spending.

Qatadah commented,

"He is a transgressor in his speech, behavior and affairs.''

Allah said,

... مُّرِيبٍ ﴿٢٥﴾

doubter,

meaning, he doubts and raises doubts in those who scrutinize his behavior,

Tafseer (Arabic)

" مناع للخير " أي لا يؤدي ما عليه من الحقوق ولا بر فيه ولا صلة ولا صدقة " معتد " أي فيما ينفقه ويصرفه يتجاوز فيه الحد . وقال قتادة معتد في منطقه وسيره وأمره" مريب " أي شاك في أمره مريب لمن نظر في أمره .

"مناع للخير" كالزكاة "معتد" ظالم "مريب" شاك في دينه

يعني الزكاة المفروضة وكل حق واجب .

I'raab - grammatical analysis of the Qur'an

«مَنَّاعٍ» صفة ثانية لكفار.
«لِلْخَيْرِ» متعلقان بمناع.
«مُعْتَدٍ مُرِيبٍ» صفتان أيضا لكفار.

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